How to Speak Russian in 30 lessons
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Russian Words and Phrases
In this section let's learn some Russian words and phrases in a very entertaining way with pictures and grammar notes and tables.
Why don't we learn Russian prefixes now? Prefixes are used to change the meaning of a verb or noun. They can slightly or completely alter the meaning. That's why it is very important to know the most used ones and use them correctly. Enough said, let's study them!
Now let's learn Russian Nouns, shall we? Nouns reflect objects and concepts around us: The people are running - Люди бегают.
Nouns have the following grammatical categories: gender, number, case, and animation/unanimation.
Russian nouns are normally formed using the following suffixes: -тель, -щик, -ник, -ость etc.
In the sentence they are used as Subject or Object. Nouns denote objects like книга (a book), театр (a theater), parts of objects like крышка (a tip), live creatures like лиса (a fox), as well as their actions and states like болезнь (an illness), радость (gladness).
In this Grammar section we'll talk about Russian verbs. The verb is a part of speech that denotes an action or a process stage (physical movements in space, physical and mental states, alternations etc). It uses the categories of mood, time and person: приехали, напишет, нарисовал бы, приходите! (have arrived, will write, would have painted, come!). Every verb has all or some of these categories.Verbs also reflect grammatical gender and number but these are not verb-specific categories.
Now why don't we learn Russian adjectives? Adjectives indicate attributes of objects (quality, characteristics, possesiveness): папина машина (a father's car), молодой человек (a young man) and agree with the nouns they modify in gender, number, and case: увидел красивую девушку (saw a beautiful girl), звонил местным депутатам (called local deputies). In the Accusative case adjectives might have different forms depending on animation/inanimation of the noun: веду новый проект, вижу нового участника (I manage a new project, see a new participant). Normally these affixes are used to form adjectives: -н-, -оват, -еват-, -ист-, -к-, -ск- and others: весенний дождь (spring rain), американский (americal). Sound interesting? Let's learn more!